Different From Today , the Russian truck industry surrounded by European trucks


Russian trucks have a deep relationship with China. When FAW Jiefang was founded, the Soviet Union provided a complete set of product design and drawing materials, and sent a group of experienced experts to the factory for guidance. The first Jiefang brand car, the CA10, was modeled on the Soviet Gies 150. In addition, since the founding of the People's Republic of China, 0ur country has imported a large number of Soviet trucks, the most representative of which is the Gil 130.

Russian truck industry is more difficult than ever, European and American trucks can be seen everywhere

Although the Soviet trucks once had a glorious history, up to now, the Russian truck industry is not optimistic, and it is at a disadvantage compared to China.

 

 

Russia is a country spanning the Eurasian continent with the largest land area in the world, But its main cities are concentrated in the continental part of Europe, so it has more connections with European countries. At present, the long-distance transport trucks in Russia are mainly European and American. Among them, the products of the seven European sisters (Scania, Volvo, Mercedes-Benz, DAF, Iveco, Renault, and MAN) can be seen everywhere and occupy the high-end market. Russia also has a certain amount of holdings.

Especially from the early 1990s to the early 20th century, affected by the disintegration of the Soviet Union, the Russian economy was turbulent, the truck market shrunk, and the production capacity of related truck factories also dropped sharply. In this stage, a large number of used cars from Europe, America, Japan and South Korea entered through various channels. Russian market.

In recent years, with Russia's regulation of the import of second-hand trucks, the import of complete vehicles and the assembly and production of parts cabin tilt pump and components cabin tilt cylinderhave become the main sources of foreign brands in Russia, and European, Japanese and Chinese trucks have begun to enter the Russian market.

Introduction of Russian local truck brands Kamaz, Gil, Gaz, Ural

The trucks of local Russian brands have a little origin from China. The most impressive one is Kamaz. Kamaz heavy trucks are famous all over the world for their super off-road capabilities. The Russian Kamaz team has won 13 truck championships since its participation in the Dakar Rally in 1990. It is also the largest heavy truck manufacturer in Russia. Before 1992, Kamaz exported over 50,000 trucks to China.

Other well-known Russian truck brands include Gir, the original Gies. Gir mainly produces light commercial vehicles. Since the 1980s, my country has imported about 300,000 Gir 130 trucks.

The Russian brand GAZ is also well-known in China. The Nanjing Yuejin 130 truck is the GAZ 51 introduced and produced in China.

In addition, Ural trucks also have a certain market share in Russia, and the well-known products are various military vehicles.

Competition between local Russian brands and foreign brands, the high-end market is occupied by European trucks

Statistics of Russian truck ownership in 2017

The top six in the number of medium and heavy commercial vehicles, except Maas, which is a Belarusian car brand, the rest are local Russian brands

According to statistics in 2017, the number of medium and heavy commercial vehicles in Russia is 3.7 million units, and the annual sales volume is about 300,000 units, with local brands accounting for 70%. Kamaz, Gaz, and Gil all have a lot of holdings.

However, despite the high number of local Russian brands, many of them are already classic cars. As of 2018, 67% of trucks in Russia were more than 10 years old. Less than five years old, relatively new vehicles make up 17 percent of all trucks in Russia. The remaining 16% of trucks are in operation for five to 10 years.

Judging from the trend in recent years, the entry of high-efficiency and low-cost Western European trucks into the Russian market has put a lot of pressure on local companies. Kamaz, which has the largest output of medium and heavy trucks in Russia, only produces more than 30,000 units a year. The scale effect cannot be reflected, and the production line is relatively old, making it difficult to compete with European trucks.

Judging from the current state, European trucks occupy the high-end market in Russia, Japanese and Korean trucks occupy the mid-end market,and local Russian and Chinese brands occupy the low-end market.

Chinese heavy trucks and a number of Russian companies set up joint ventures in Russia

In order to ensure and promote the development of the domestic truck industry, the Russian government has taken many protective measures, such as increasing import tariffs on complete vehicles, and introducing policies to promote the establishment of joint ventures and localized production by foreign brands.

At present, Mercedes-Benz, Hyundai, Jiefang and other brands have already started localized truck production in Russia. At the Russian International Commercial Vehicle Exhibition held in 2017, FAW Jiefang completed a draft letter of intent for cooperation with GAZ Group, the largest commercial vehicle manufacturer in Russia, and will jointly invest in establishing a production base in Russia to produce and sell Jiefang medium and heavy-duty trucks.

On June 7, 2019, during the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum, Weichai Power signed a tripartite cooperation agreement with Kamaz and Yaroslavl, Russia.

On July 2, 2019, in the China-Belarus Jushi Industrial Park, representatives of Shaanxi Fast Auto Transmission Group Co., Ltd. and representatives of Belarus Maz Group signed a cooperation agreement on the establishment of Fast Maz Co., Ltd. The groundbreaking ceremony was held.

Chinese heavy trucks have been exploring the Russian market since 2006, and brands such as Sinotruk, Foton, Beiben, Shaanxi Automobile, and FAW are among the participants. With the improvement of domestic truck technology, it is a common choice for domestic car companies to open up foreign markets. The Russian market is a very good entry point, both geographically and in terms of market size.